It was established by the Gram Nyayalayas Act, Gram Nyayalayas are mobile village courts in India established for speedy and easy access to justice. (1) For the purpose of exercising the jurisdiction and powers conferred on a Gram Nyayalaya by this Act, the State Government, after consultation with the High. Keywords: nyaya panchayats, alternate disputes redessal, gram nyayalaya act. 1. Introduction. Some form of village self-government seems to have some form.

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Where are rural courts?

Sub-section 10 provides that the judgment shall contain a concise statement of the case, the point for determination, the decision thereon and the reasons for such decision. VeerappaMoily had assured in Oct, that the Centre would set up 5, village courts in the country in the next four-and-a-half years. Nyayqlaya per the Act, gram nyayalayas can hear both criminal and civil cases and appeals in civil cases will have to be disposed of in six months.

Ineffectiveness of the Gram Nyayalayas The Act has not been enforced properly, with only functional Gram Nyayalayas in nyayalwya country against a target of such courts.

Gam 4 provides that on the date fixed for hearing the Gram Nyayalaya shall hear both the parties in regard to their respective contentions and where the dispute does not require recording of any evidence, pronounce the judgment; and in case where it requires recording of evidence, the Gram Nyayalaya shall proceed further.

Power of State Government to make rules. Transfer of pending proceedings. Appeal in criminal cases shall lie to the Court of Session, which shall be heard and disposed of within a period of six months from the date of filing of such appeal.

One of the other major thrusts of the Law Commission in its report inwas to create a model which could provide a version of participatory justice to persons in rural areas. Establishment of nyatalaya Gram Nyayalayas: The main objectives of Gram Nyayalayas included justice at the doorstep of rural populace, speedy and effective disposal of cases, reduction in pendencies in regular courts, use of non-adversarial techniques such as conciliation and plea-bargaining for resolution nyayalayw disputes, etc.

Gram Nyayalayas Act, | Bare Acts | Law Library | AdvocateKhoj

Till Decembermillion cases were pending in courts across India. Current Status It is unfortunate that even after eight years of nyayalayq Act’s enactment and the Standing Congmmittee’s stingi observations, the implementation left to the States, has been dismal across the country. However, courts are held only once or twice a month.


But rural courts are still few and far geam By Jitendra Last Updated: Assistance of police to Gram Nyayalayas. Seal of Gram Nyayalaya. Duties of ministerial officers. Separate building for the functioning of the Gram Nyayalaya as well as for the accommodation of the Gram Nyayadhikaris and other staff need to be constructed.

The Gram Nyayalayas Act, |Legislative Department | Ministry of Law and Justice | GoI

The Department-Related Parliamentary Standing Committee, in its report to Parliament, expressed dismay that the Gram Nyayalayas which were supposed to usher in a revolution at the lowest level of the judicial system were being held back because of fund sharing problem between the Central and the State Governments. Further, the spirit of the legislation requires that as far as possible Gram Nyayalayas should be established where it would be of maximum utility to the villagers.

While determining the location of the Gram Nyayalayas the location of courts having parallel gra, may also be considered. Hence, the success of these institutions should not only be measured by the grwm of courts established in different states, but also in terms of reaching out to deprived sections of the society and its role in the overall reduction in the pendency of cases.

Provided that the District Court may entertain an appeal after the expiry of the said period of thirty days if it is satisfied that the appellant had sufficient cause for not preferring the appeal within the said period. Jharkhand 6 Gram Nyayalayas have been notified. The infrastructure and security are grossly inadequate.

For example, in Indore the Gram Nyayalaya functions within the regular court premises.

Appeal in civil cases shall lie to the District Court, which shall be heard and disposed of grqm a period of six months from the date of filing of the appeal. It should be clear then that the Act does not impose the consensual resolution of disputes on parties; they may gran adversarial adjudication and engage lawyers to appear for them before the Gram Nyayalaya if an amicable resolution does not appear possible.

Gram Nyayalayas

A brief of the Report is presented below: The judgment and order passed nyayalayaa the Gram Nyayalaya shall be deemed to be a decree and to avoid delay in its execution; the Gram Nyayalaya shall follow summary procedure for its execution.

The Act aims at making justice easily accessible to the rural population and dealing with the backlog of cases.


It was made operational on October 2,the birthday of Mahatma Gandhi, the father of the nation. Provided that nothing in this sub-section shall preclude any person from availing of the judicial remedies available under articles 32 and of the Constitution. District Courts of India List of district courts of India.

This section provides for a special procedure in civil disputes. Some government sources, who do not wish to be identified, also shared alarming information with us on the states’ apathy towards making justice accessible to all. The Department-Related Parliamentary Standing Committee6, in its report to Parliament, expressed dismay that the Gram Nyayalayas which were supposed to usher in a revolution at the lowest level of the judicial system were being held back because of fund sharing problem between the Central and the State Governments.

Of these, are functional. Appeal in civil cases. However, some of the Gram Nyayadhikaris opined that creation of such a separate cadre might not be advisable due to the absence of chances of promotion. Yet to become operational Haryana Proposed setting up of 2 Gram Nyayalayas. Offences related to central acts such as payment of wages, minimum wages, Protection of civil rights, bonded labour, protection of women from domestic violence, etc. The Gram Nyayalaya shall be established for every Panchayat at intermediate level or a group of contiguous Panchayats at intermediate level in a district or where there is no Panchayat at intermediate level in any State, for a group of contiguous Panchayats.

The Gram Nyayalaya shall follow summary procedure in criminal trial. Please use a genuine email ID and provide your name. Gram Nyayalaya to follow summary trial procedure.

Conduct of cases in Gram Nyayalaya and legal aid to parties. Overriding effect of Act in criminal trial.

The Committee acknowledged that there were shortcomings in the functioning of these bodies of which the slow pace of utilization of funds, in the absence of proposals by the States was purported to be the primary cause.

As a result, procedural laws have been simplified, lokadalats and fast truck vram introduced and alternative dispute resolution mechanisms such as arbitration, conciliation and mediation have been incorporated into the legal system.