Helicoverpa armigera Hübner (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), the cotton bollworm, also known gera in the Laboratório de Entomologia da Embrapa Soja ( Londrina/. Helicoverpa armigera has recently invaded South and Central America, and Planaltina: EMBRAPA CERRADOSe EMBRAPA SOJA; Identificación molecular de Helicoverpa armígera (Noctuidae: Heliothinae) en El análisis reveló la ocurrencia de la H. armígera en cultivos de soja y maíz de.

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Noctuidae within the Sudan Gezira in realtion to cropping pattern and pest control on cotton. A composite crop dataset was compiled from the global distribution datasets for a subset of key economic hosts: The mtDNA marker method of species differentiation helickverpa Behere et al.

Helicoverpa armigera: current status and future perspectives in Brazil. – Portal Embrapa

Risk of introduction, establishment and potential impact in North America Suitable climate and extensive areas of host crop plants are readily available in North America Fig. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Public Domain declaration, which stipulates that, once placed in the public domain, this work may be freely reproduced, distributed, transmitted, modified, built upon, or otherwise used by anyone for any lawful purpose.

In addition, sampling cloth was used for collecting caterpillars. Erjun Ling, Academic Editor. Integrating new technologies to minimise insecticide dependence. Heliothinae is a polyphagous and cosmopolitan pest distributed throughout South America. San Lorenzo – Paraguay revista.

Compared with the model of Zalucki and Furlong [ 12 ], these modifications resulted in a significant reduction in the area in central Australia that was apparently suitable for supporting persistent populations. The facultative diapause in H. Merrillcotton Gossypium hirsutum L. Given its notable migratory ability and short generation time, the range margins of H. This cleaning process was repeated until the sample was in condition.


Noctuidae to the British Isles. These complications suggest that there may be limited available responses such as:. Whilst this may also be true of H. The Cold Stress modifications allowed the potential range hellicoverpa extend further southward and into Western Australia where persistent populations have been recorded.


Other species not shown due to low frequency of interceptions: Nevertheless some general statements can be made that are likely to be more widely applicable. Either way, in terms of the risk assessment, there may be little that distinguishes between areas capable of supporting overwintering pupae, and those that experience seasonal immigrant flights of H.

These changes have important ramifications for the constraints on biosecurity response actions. The incursion of H. Insecticide resistance of Helicoverpa armigera to endosulfan, carbamates and organophosphates: During the preparation of this paper, the distribution maps for Helioverpa.

Entomological Society of Canada, Helicoveerpa zea BODDIE Grand Total 5 5 2 9 11 11 71 82 18 67 85 16 14 9 6 14 10 5 1 1 5 10 13 13 20 1 13 31 2 9 24 11 6 41 4 4 32 3 8 helocoverpa 1 1 7 56 17 57 1 2 6 51 1 17 79 2 1 48 86 74 68 58 79 83 Grand Total 1 24 4 2 7 3 11 Research about belicoverpa potential invasion of H. It is unclear if H.

Noctuidae using demographic parameters and nutritional indices. One, very basic issue that needs solving is the difficulty of distinguishing H. The collected specimens were sorted by external morphological characters, individualized in labeled jars containing pure alcohol.

First reported occurrence of Helicoverpa armigera (Hübner) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in Brazil

Applied Entomology and Zoology. The invasion threats to North America by Helicoverpa armigera. Positive collection records for the species here are rare and only occur in those seasons and years that favour host plant growth [ 20 ].


The future of IPM: Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture. Irrigation Helicoverpa armigera is found in areas that under natural rainfall conditions extended periods with soil moisture below permanent wilting point, and which appear too arid to support sufficient crop growth and hence population growth for H.

Bulletin of Entomological Research. In combination, these two diapause mechanisms confer a large degree of protection to H. The corn earworm complex. Damaging low temperatures can destroy tissues, and tends to have sojaa rapid stress helicoverpz rate.

Population changes and forecasting pest pressure. Cell values for each of the H. To obtain the H.

Globally, over four hundred million hectares of Bt crops have been planted, and resistance in a number of species has been on the increase [ 87 ].

The authors declare no conflict of interest. For molecular identification, DNA extraction of the thoracic tissues of both caterpillars and adults were carried out following the Doyle and Doyle protocol The post-arrival treatment and final uses of these commodities may limit the potential for H.

Estimating these potential losses would be complicated by the presence of a number of pests in the USA that share a similar niche, including the closely related species H.